Potted plants are an integral part of the interior of our homes. They are a beautiful decoration that gives the rooms a unique character. However, we do not have to treat them only as a decorative addition. Houseplants can also fulfill several other important functions in our homes.
Properly selected potted plants will ensure that the air quality in our home is as high as possible. Due to the presence of chlorophyll, they are able to carry out the photosynthesis process. In simple terms, the process is based on the use of carbon dioxide and the production of oxygen. Thanks to photosynthesis carried out by houseplants, the amount of oxygen in the room increases. What’s more, houseplants ensure adequate air humidity, so it is also worth placing them in warm and dry rooms. Selected plants also have the ability to absorb harmful chemicals. This information may prove useful especially for residents of larger cities, who are more exposed to the negative effects of smo
• Spathiphyllum – cleans the air mainly of benzene and acetone. The first of these compounds comes mainly from wood waxes, varnishes and paints. In turn, the sources of acetone are mainly various types of detergents.
• Sword fern (Nephrolepis exaltata) – one of the most popular indoor plants. It is easy to maintain, and at the same time it looks very impressive. It primarily absorbs formaldehyde, which can have a negative effect on the respiratory system and the liver.
• Dracaena marginata – has the ability to absorb compounds such as formaldehyde, xylene and trichlorethylene. The sources of xylene are, among others wood preservatives. This compound may have a carcinogenic effect.
• Begonia (Begonia semperflorens) – one of the few air purifying plants that blooms with beautiful red leaves, so it can also be ornamental. Begonia cleans the air of benzene and toluene, which are found in many paints, solvents and waxes.
Other air purifying plants include, for example, aloe, areka, aglaonema, and sansevieria.
Some houseplants also have medicinal properties. If we suffer from certain ailments or diseases, it is worth knowing which plant has specific healing properties.
• Aloe – medicinal properties are possessed by both tree aloe (Aloe arborescens) and, less frequently cultivated, aloe vera. Inside their leaves there is a jelly-like flesh. Thanks to the substances contained in it, the plant has bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and strengthening properties. Both the flesh and the juice obtained from it are used in the treatment of inflammation of the mouth and throat and diseases of the digestive system. The healing properties of aloe are also used in cosmetics. This plant is a component of hand creams, body lotions and hair conditioners.
• Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) – a plant that is known primarily for its sedative properties. An interesting fact, however, is that it is also used in the treatment of asthma, as well as anemia. In addition, it has antiviral and bactericidal properties.
• Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) – the oil contained in the mint is used in the treatment of colds. In addition, peppermint has bactericidal and calming properties.
• Scented geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) – a houseplant also known as rose geranium. Its healing properties have been known for years. Geranium has a strong bactericidal and antiviral effect. Plant leaf infusions are used, among others to treat acute middle ear infections as well as skin diseases.
• Feathered rye (Kalanchoe pinnata) – a plant with antiviral, bactericidal and antifungal properties. In addition, it has an anti-inflammatory effect and accelerates the healing process of damaged epidermis.
Potted plants are a unique element of our kitchens. Placed in this room, they will not only be beautiful decorations. We often use dried spices, while freshly picked leaves of selected plants can further enrich the taste and aroma of our dishes and give them a unique look. The plants that can be grown at home and used as spices include, among others basil, oregano, parsley, rosemary, and thyme. We use basil primarily in Italian cuisine and we can make with it, for example, a homemade pesto, which will be an excellent pasta sauce. Oregano is another spice that is mainly used in dishes with an Italian character. In turn, fresh parsley can be added to soups, salads or homemade sandwich spreads. Rosemary is used primarily as a seasoning for meat dishes, but it also works well as an addition to fish and vegetables (especially potatoes). The last of these plants, i.e. thyme, goes well with various types of cheeses and legume seeds.
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